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Means testing vs. universal targeting: Assumptions of efficiency and affordability

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Means testing vs. universal targeting: Assumptions of efficiency and affordability


Whether social protection benefits should be assigned to all (universal) or kept only for those who meet certain criteria (targeting) remains one of the most contentious questions in social policy research. The purpose of this brief is to revisit two social policy assumptions around basic concerns of efficiency, affordability and sustainability of universal social pensions. Contrary to what many international organisations and scholars have argued, this brief forwards that universal social pensions are economically viable and efficient strategies to produce welfare and alleviate older-age income deprivations. The world clearly has the resources to implement basic social pensions on a global scale; the question is if there is also the political will to do it.

Cruz-martinez, Gibran (2016) Means testing vs. universal targeting: Assumptions of efficiency and affordability. HelpAge International . ISSN 978-1-910743-13-3


Item Type: Article
Subjects: Human Rights & Development Studies
Keywords: Latin America, social protection, pensions, development
Divisions: Institute of Latin American Studies
Collections: ILAS Fellows
Depositing User:
URI: http://sas-space.sas.ac.uk/id/eprint/6452
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